About the Contributors
Christian F. Anrig is Deputy Director, Doctrine Research and Education, Swiss Air Force. From 2007 to 2009 he was a Lecturer in Air Power Studies in the Defence Studies Department of King’s College London while based at the Royal Air Force (RAF) College. In 2009 he became a member of the RAF Centre for Air Power Studies Academic Advisory Panel. Dr Anrig began his professional career in Defence Studies as a researcher at the Center for Security Studies, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich), in 2004. The author of The Quest for Relevant Air Power, he has also published various articles and book chapters covering topics from European military transformation to modern air power and its ramifications for small nations. While working in the United Kingdom, he was on the editorial board of the Royal Air Force Air Power Review. Dr Anrig spent the first half of his military career in the artillery, Swiss Army. Currently, he is a reserve major assigned to the Air Staff, Swiss Air Force. He is a dual-national Swiss and Liechtensteiner.
William K. Carr is a retired Lieutenant-General of the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). His 39-year RCAF career began in 1939. During World War II he flew Spitfire aircraft in England, Malta, Sicily, and Italy. He later commanded squadrons, while accumulating more than 16,000 flying hours in over 100 different aircraft types. In 1960 he served as Senior Air Advisor to the UN Mission in the Congo. In 1971 he was appointed Deputy Chief of Staff, Operations, with North American Air Defence Command (NORAD). In 1974 he was appointed Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff General. He became the first commander of Air Command in 1975. On retirement from the military in 1978 for the next 14 years he was VP of government and military marketing/sales of the new Challenger aircraft for Canadair and then Bombardier. In 2001, he was inducted into the Canadian Aviation Hall of Fame.
Ryan W. Cross is the lead researcher in the political-psychology and adversarial intention section of the Reactions to Environmental Stress and Trauma Lab in the University of British Columbia’s Department of Psychology. Projects include intelligence and conflict early warning using both cognitive and social psychological measures. He is also a Research Assistant for Professor Walter Dorn of the Canadian Forces College on peace-support operations research and contributes to ongoing work applying just war theory to contemporary conflicts. Cross has completed graduate studies, lectured or worked at universities in Berlin, Bonn, Zurich, Vancouver, and Lucerne, and is completing Master’s degrees in War Studies at the Royal Military College of Canada and in Business Administration at Simon Fraser University. His research has been presented internationally to academic as well defence, security, and intelligence audiences.
Roméo Dallaire is a Canadian Senator and retired Canadian Army Lieutenant-General. He served as Force Commander of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR) in 1993–1994. His experiences are described in his book Shake Hands with the Devil – the Failure of Humanity in Rwanda, which was also the basis for an Emmy Award-winning documentary and a motion picture of the same name. LGen Dallaire has served on the UN Advisory Committee on Genocide Prevention, as Special Advisor to the Minister of Veterans’ Affairs Canada, and as Special Advisor to Canadian government on War Affected Children. His most recent book is They Fight Like Soldiers; They Die Like Children – the Global Quest to Eradicate the Use of Child Soldiers.
William T. Dean III is an Associate Professor of History at the Air Command and Staff College at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. He received his doctorate degree from the University of Chicago and was a Chateaubriand recipient from the French government. He won the Military Officer of America Association (MOAA) award for civilian educator of the year. He has published on French colonial warfare, intelligence, and air power issues in Revue historique des armées, Penser les ailes françaises, and Defense Intelligence Review, and chapters in various books.
James McKay is a professor in the Department of Politics and Economics and the current Chair of the undergraduate program in Military and Strategic Studies at the Royal Military College of Canada. He was educated at Bishop’s University, the Royal Military College of Canada, and King’s College London. He teaches courses in strategic studies, Canadian politics and international relations at the undergraduate level and, on occasion, American military affairs at the graduate level. Being an inherently interdisciplinary sort, he maintains an eclectic range of research interests, from strategic coercion to First Nations land claims in Canada to the Vietnam War.
David Neil is a former maritime helicopter aviator who served 35 years in Canada’s Air Force. Following four flying tours, including command of a Maritime Helicopter Squadron, he served as Project Director for both the Maritime Helicopter Replacement Project and the Aurora Long Range Patrol Aircraft Modernization Project. He was subsequently appointed Director of Strategic Planning for the Royal Canadian Air Force during which time he oversaw the development of the Air Force transformation strategy and the stand up of the Aerospace Warfare Centre. After completing his career as Director General Joint Force Development
he was responsible for the Canadian Forces’ unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) campaign plans, and Canada’s military space portfolio. In 2007, after his retirement from the military, he joined MDA Corporation’s UAV team.
Robert C. Owen is a Professor in the Department of Aeronautical Science at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach Campus. He also is an adjunct or contract researcher for several public and private organizations. Professor Owen joined the Embry-Riddle Faculty in 2002, following a 28-year career with the United States Air Force (USAF) and a brief career in private industry. His military career included a mix of operational, staff, and advanced education assignments. He is both a military Command Pilot and a Commercial Pilot with Instrument and Multi-Engine ratings. Professor Owen also served on the HQ Air Force Staff and the HQ Staff of the Air Mobility Command. His academic assignments included tours as an Assistant Professor of History at the U.S. Air Force Academy and as Dean of the USAF’s School of Advanced Airpower Studies, the Service’s graduate school for strategic planners. His books include the volume on "Chronology" of the Gulf War Airpower Survey, Deliberate Force: A Case Study in Effective Air Campaigning, and Air Mobility: A Brief History of the American Experience.
Kevin Shelton-Smith is Chief, Aviation Projects and Planning Department of Field Support, UN Headquarters, New York. After joining the Royal Air Force (RAF) as a Halton Apprentice (Airframes and Propulsion) in 1976, he became a technician on the Harrier jump jet at RAF Wittering. He was commissioned as a pilot, flying several aircraft, including the Harrier. He gained an Engineering Honours degree in Aeromechanical Systems from the Cranfield Institute of Technology (now University) at the Royal Military College of Science, Shrivenham. As an Engineering Officer he held several appointments at UK bases and in Support/Logistics Command HQ and notably introduced the Boeing E3-D AWACS to service at RAF Waddington. His final role in the RAF was as the Engineering Authority for the Pegasus engine as fitted to his much-loved Harrier II. In 1999, as a Chartered Engineer and Member of the Royal Aeronautical Society, he joined UN headquarters in New York, serving UN peacekeeping aviation in the various roles of Aviation Safety and Standards, aircraft contracting and management for peacekeeping missions in Kosovo, Bosnia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, Georgia, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Mali, and Chad. He also served as Chief Air Operations in the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) in 2005–2006. His responsibilities now include overall planning of aviation support and requirements in new peacekeeping missions, training, staffing, and the introduction of new technologies such as unmanned aerial systems and new aircraft types. Since this volume went to press, the United Nations has accepted its first unmanned aerial vehicles, the Selex Falco UAV, into service in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and is planning further military and civil systems in Mali and elsewhere.
Kevin A. Spooner is Associate Professor of North American Studies and History at Wilfrid Laurier University. He is author of Canada, the Congo Crisis, and UN Peacekeeping, 1960–64, published by University of British Columbia Press and awarded the 2009 C. P. Stacey Award by the Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War and the Canadian Commission for Military History. He has addressed the Cold War dimensions of Canadian foreign policy during the Congo Crisis in his paper, “Just West of Neutral: Canadian ‘Objectivity’ and Peacekeeping during the Congo Crisis, 1960–61” in the Canadian Journal of African Studies. Dr Spooner also co-edited Documents on Canadian External Relations, 1959, Vol. 26. His current research projects examine Canadian policy towards Africa in the period of decolonization and the development of Canadian foreign policy autonomy, within the British Empire, during the Laurier years.
Robert David Steele is CEO Earth Intelligence Network. He is a retired Marine Corps infantry, intelligence, and administrative officer who also served as the senior civilian responsible for creating the Marine Corps Intelligence Center and as the Study Director for the flagship study, Planning and Programming Factors for Expeditionary Operations in the Third World (MCCDC, 1990). A 30-year veteran of defence and national intelligence, since 1993 he has been a key international proponent for Open Source Intelligence (OSINT), Information Peacekeeping, Peacekeeping Intelligence, and – more recently – Multinational, Multiagency, Multidisciplinary, Multidomain Information-Sharing and Sense-Making (M4IS2). As Chief Executive Officer (CEO) (pro bono) for the Earth Intelligence Network since 2006, he has led 23 others in creating a Strategic Analytic Model for M4IS2 and hybrid Stabilization and Reconstruction Operations. He served as the first international security intelligence analyst for the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), a hybrid UN organization. Most recently he has published three seminal articles on the future of Human Intelligence (HUMINT), and a book, Intelligence for Earth: Clarity, Diversity, Integrity, and Sustainability.
F. Roy Thomas is a retired Armoured officer with United Nations service in Cyprus, the Golan Heights, Jerusalem, Afghanistan, Macedonia, Sarajevo, and Haiti. He was hijacked in South Lebanon and taken hostage in Bosnia. Roy was the Senior United Nations Military Observer, Sector Sarajevo. He is a recipient of the Meritorious Service Cross; a United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) Force Commander’s Commendation, a UN Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) Force Commander’s Commendation and a US Army Commendation Medal. His last appointment in the Canadian Forces was as the first Chief Instructor of the Canadian military’s Peace Support Training Centre (PSTC), Kingston.
Matthew Trudgen is a fellow at the John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding at Dartmouth College. He received his PhD in history from Queen’s University in 2011. His dissertation examined how different conceptions of the Canadian national interest held by different groups within the Canadian political establishment and armed forces influenced the development of the North American air defence system in the 1950s. He was also a research assistant at the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development’ Historical Section from December 2013 to March 2014.
Anrig, C.F. The Quest for Relevant Air Power: Continental European Responses to the Air Power Challenges of the Post-Cold War Era (Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Air University Press, August 2011).
Dallaire, R. Shake Hands with the Devil – the Failure of Humanity in Rwanda (Toronto: Random House Canada, 2003; London: Arrow, 2012).
Dallaire, R. with Humphries, J.L. They Fight Like Soldiers; They Die Like Children – the Global Quest to Eradicate the Use of Child Soldiers (Toronto: Random House, 2010).
Owen, R.C. Gulf War Air Power Survey, Dir. Dr Eliot A. Cohen. Vol. 5, Part II, Chronology (Washington DC: USAF Gulf War Air Power Survey, 1993);
Owen, R.C. Deliberate Force: A Case Study in Effective Air Campaigning (Air University Press, 1999).
Owen, R.C. Air Mobility: A Brief History of the American Experience (Dulles, Virginia: Potomac Books, 2013).
Spooner, K.A. Canada, the Congo Crisis, and UN Peacekeeping, 1960–64 (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2009).
Spooner, K.A. “Just West of Neutral: Canadian ‘Objectivity’ and Peacekeeping during the Congo Crisis, 1960–61”, Canadian Journal of African Studies 43(2) (2009), 303–36.
Spooner, Dr K.A. Cavell, J. and Stevenson, M.D. (eds). Documents on Canadian External Relations, 1959, Vol. 26 (Ottawa: Canadian Government Publishing, 2006).
Steele, R.D. Intelligence for Earth: Clarity, Diversity, Integrity, and Sustainability (Earth Intelligence Network, 2010).